Published Content

All of Paradigm Shift’s published content (articles and research papers) can be found here. You can scroll down and navigate the various pages. Topics of focus include global politics, current affairs, international relations, and Pakistan.

Domestic Abuse in Pakistan: A Ticking Bomb

Written by Amna Khan 6:52 pm

According to research, 90% of women in Pakistan have faced domestic violence. Although the number does not come as a surprise, it is difficult to shake away the unsettling feeling. COVID-19 has probably not only increased the numbers, but it may also have intensified the abuse.
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Pakistan and India Will Go to War Again

Written by Sarmad Ishfaq 6:47 pm

The paper describes the major reasons why Pakistan and India will go to war again. It asserts that while Pakistan has reduced extremism in the country by vanquishing Islamist groups, India’s Hindutva agenda, spearheaded by the ruling BJP, will push both countries to another war.
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The Social Exclusion of Transgenders in Pakistan

Written by Arfah Zia 6:58 pm

Transgenders have invariably been ostracized in Pakistan and hence suffer economically and mentally. Although recognized as citizens by law, they have yet to be accepted by society.
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Recommendations for the Intra-Afghan Peace Process

Written by Sarmad Ishfaq 6:47 pm

Although the intra-Afghan peace process sounds promising on paper for Afghans and vested parties alike, fulfilling it will require serious work. The author considers five possible recommendations that could help achieve the objectives of the Intra-Afghan peace agreement.
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Troubled Waters: Revisionist China & The South China Sea Dispute

Written by Mehwish Kayani and Kinza Shah 6:23 pm

The South China Sea is important due to economic, military, and strategic factors. This region, critical for military purposes, is rich in resources like oil and gas. The question remains: Will China fall victim to the lust for resources? Or will it use diplomacy to create a win-win situation?
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Pakistan & The November Lockdown? Possibilities & Prevention

Written by Maryam Farooq 6:44 pm

Will Pakistan’s decision of re-opening educational institutions cause another wave of COVID-19? If so, that will surely propel another lockdown, possibly in November.
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Virtual Water & UAE’s Foreign Policy with Iran: Neo-realist & Neo-liberal Perspectives

Written by Maryam Salman 6:47 pm

The virtual water trade, a concept introduced by Tony Allan, is the hidden flow of water if food or other commodities are traded from one place to another. The research paper briefly explains neo-realism and neo-liberalism before applying the theories to the UAE’s virtual water trade policy with Iran. The paper further details the determinants of UAE’s foreign policy with Iran.
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The Libyan Civil War: Another Battlefield for Foreign Powers

Written by Henri Kouam 6:47 pm

The highly divisive civil war in Libya, wherein the standoff is between some of the central UN member states and the UN itself, could either decimate Libya or pave a democratic path for the people of Libya.
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India vs. China in Ladakh: A Case of Indian Military Frailty

Written by Henri Kouam 6:47 pm

The ongoing skirmish in Ladakh against China has exposed the Indian military’s capabilities. Although India has the third-largest defense budget in the world, its conventional and outdated military approaches might cause the state to suffer substantial security losses.
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The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: Strengthening Ties, Tourism, & Trade

Written by Henri Kouam 6:47 pm

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, the star project of the Belt and Road Initiative, holds immense potential for improved ties, increased tourism, and enhanced trade between the two countries. Moreover, due to the changing global travel policies and SOPs, particularly in the United States, Pakistan may become a more lucrative tourist destination for Chinese travelers.
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Coronavirus and Migration: Redefining Global Movement

Written by Amna Babar 6:30 pm

Coronavirus, like every other pandemic, has acutely impacted migration patterns. The adoption of containment measures and border closures in almost every continent has further endangered the safety of migrants — and has left them in limbo. In Hungary and U.S., for example, there is growing resentment and discrimination towards immigrants as they are viewed as carriers of the virus.
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The War In Yemen: The Largest Humanitarian Crisis in the World

Written by Henri Kouam 7:00 pm

Yemen is the largest humanitarian crisis in the world with around 80% of the population requiring humanitarian assistance. Unfortunately states such as Saudi Arabia and non-state actors have continued to spoil Yemen for their own advantage. The article considers regional stabilization to be the panacea for Yemen.
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The George Floyd Protests: A Nation Struggling For Breath

Written by Sijel Khan 6:45 pm

George Floyd’s death was fuel for the Black Lives Matter movement across America and the world. However, it remains to be seen whether the outcome will impact years of policy inertia. The protests have achieved a few things: from banning chokeholds to raising the issue of police brutality in the national and global consciousness. The coming American elections are likely to show how years of oppression and injustice galvanize change.
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Saudi Arabia and Turkey: A Deteriorating Relationship

Written by Henri Kouam 6:29 pm

Both nation states are in the way of each other’s objectives, prompting both Saudi Arabia and Turkey to maneuver astutely and find their trump cards.
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The Impact of Digital Information in Pakistan: The Case of Qandeel Baloch

Written by Shaheera Syed 7:00 pm

The paper employs the case of Qandeel Baloch and the technological ramifications that followed before and after her death. It also analyses the digital revolution and its waves in Pakistan.
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The GCC and Israel: An Unholy Alliance

Written by Henri Kouam 7:00 pm

In recent years, diplomatic relations between the Muslim Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states and Israel have expanded – which was previously thought to be impossible due to Israel’s mistreatment and annexation of Palestinian lands. Most recently and shockingly, however, the UAE recognized Israel as a state and both countries have officially began diplomatic relations upsetting many Muslims around the world.
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Pakistan: A Struggling Economy Amidst the Coronavirus

Written by Aleena Imran 1:21 am

Like all economies, Pakistan’s too has fallen ill to the coronavirus pandemic. The article specifically focuses on the impact the virus has had on Pakistan’s tourism sector, food & agriculture, SMEs, & also the manufacturing & mining sector.
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