Published Content

All of Paradigm Shift’s published content (articles and research papers) can be found here. You can scroll down and navigate the various pages. Topics of focus include global politics, current affairs, international relations, and Pakistan.

Pakistan-India Trade: Potential and Pitfalls

Written by Sarmad Ishfaq 6:44 pm

Despite the massive potential, trade between Pakistan and India has historically been plagued by many problems – which have increased further in recent times. The article expounds the trade-related problems between both countries from high tariffs to sub-par infrastructure. It also discusses the potential and problems of the intra-LoC trade in Kashmir.
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The U.S. vs China in Africa: A Quest for Economic Domination

Written by Waleed Yawer 1:27 am

The paper focuses on the current methods the U.S. and China are using to integrate themselves in the African economy – and deliberates whether the U.S. can counter the growing Chinese economic monopoly.
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The UAE’s War Against the Islamic State (ISIS)

Written by Mehr Farhan 10:20 pm

Since ISIS’s inception, it has devastated the geopolitical landscape of the Middle East and beyond. The UAE rose as an unlikely hero in the global war against ISIS. This paper highlights the country’s commitment against the Islamic State as well as the specific steps it has taken against the terror group.
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Pakistan and America: Friendship or a Marriage of Convenience?

Written by Mehwish Shah 11:00 pm

Pakistan & America have been allies for years – however, is this relationship merely based on America’s foreign policy needs in South Asia and nothing more?
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The Definition of Terrorism & Its Ambiguity

Written by Raja Mansoor 9:09 pm

To date, the concept of terrorism is without a universally accepted definition. This has severe practical repercussions in global politics. The paper analyzes various terrorism studies in order to highlight the definitional issues of terrorism.
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CPEC: A Game Changer for Pakistan’s Energy Sector

Written by Sarmad Ishfaq 11:35 pm

The article details the energy projects under the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The thesis is that the Chinese-led CPEC could finally resolve Pakistan’s energy crisis.
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The Pros and Cons of Pakistan Granting MFN Status to India

Written by Rakshanda Imran 9:35 pm

What is MFN? Can it benefit trade between Pakistan and India? Or do the cons outweigh the pros? The article sheds light on these questions.
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The Need for E-governance & Technology in Pakistan

Written by Faizaan Bilal and Sarmad Ishfaq 9:21 pm

The paper explains the need for e-governance & technology in Pakistan. Using the examples of NADRA’s electronic voting machines and smart national identity cards, it explains how technology can aid policymaking in Pakistan.
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The Adverse Effects of Zia’s Islamization Drive

Written by Mehr Farhan 1:21 am

President Zia’s Islamization policies in the 1980s had severely adverse effects on Pakistani society – the legacy of which still remains today. The paper briefly discusses this Islamization drive and how it impacted Pakistan then and decades later.
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The Relationship Between Education and Earnings in Pakistan

Written by Hassan Nasir and Hamza Butt 10:32 pm

This paper examines the effect education has on the earnings of salaried people in Pakistan. The analysis confirms that education has a positive role in determining an individual’s earnings – i.e. every extra additional level of education increases the earnings of an individual.
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Fueling Sectarian Violence: Religious Indoctrination in Pakistan

Written by Kinza Shah 9:00 am

Religious indoctrination in madrasas has played a huge role in fueling sectarianism in Pakistan since the time of President Zia. The paper discusses the history of sectarianism and indoctrination in the country and how it worsened after 9/11.
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The Impact of Remittances on Poverty in Pakistan

Written by Hassan Nasir, Hamid Haider Gilani and Hamza Butt 9:34 pm

Poverty in Pakistan is a matter of grave concern and significance. This paper examines the effects of remittances on poverty reduction in Pakistan. Results showed that remittances, along with GDP, are important factors in poverty alleviation.
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What Are the Parallels Between Boko Haram and the TTP?

Written by Fiza Siddiq 9:21 pm

The paper compares the ideology, emergence, rise, and demise of terror groups Boko Haram (in Nigeria) and the TTP (Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan).
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Corruption in Pakistan: The Case of the Civil Service

Written by Ghassan Khan 5:56 pm

The article deliberates on the menace of corruption in Pakistan’s civil service. The author tactfully analyzes what the main causes and effects of corruption are in the civil services. After this, he ranks three anti-corruption policies based on equity, administrative operability, political viability, and technical feasibility to curb corruption.
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An Introduction to Pakistan’s Public Sector

Written by Hassan Nasir 4:27 pm

The article discusses Pakistan’s public sector and its various activities. It deliberates on the country’s subsidies, regulatory bodies, redistribution of income, fiscal deficit, and imports.
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