Civil society organizations (CSOs) are crucial for every state, and especially important where democracy is visibly lacking. The paper explores the growth and role of CSOs in the turbulent history of the Kyrgyz Republic. It explains how two important events — the Tulip Revolution and the Kyrgyz Revolution of 2010 — shaped the CSOs of Kyrgyzstan.
The article deliberates on the menace of corruption in Pakistan’s civil service. The author tactfully analyzes what the main causes and effects of corruption are in the civil services. After this, he ranks three anti-corruption policies based on equity, administrative operability, political viability, and technical feasibility to curb corruption.