Pakistan

All of our articles relating to Pakistan can be found here.

Celebrating 73 Years of Pak-China Relations

Written by Paradigm Shift 10:55 pm

This week, on 21st May, 73 years of diplomatic relations between Pakistan and China were celebrated at the Pak-China Friendship Centre, with dignitaries, ambassadors, university administrators, and think tank founders in attendance.
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Weather Modification: Unlocking the Science of Cloud Seeding

Written by Wardah Shahid 6:59 pm

Cloud seeding is a method of weather modification to induce rain or snow by introducing certain substances into clouds. Wardah Shahid covers the science behind cloud seeding, its history, methods, and case studies, with a focus on the United Arab Emirates. She also addresses the ethical, legal, and environmental concerns associated with cloud seeding.
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Cricket Batting Performance Analysis: Control, Boundaries & Boundary Control

Written by Zain Ul Hassan 8:52 pm

Zain-ul-Hassan analyzes over 5 lac deliveries using ball by ball data of T20 cricket from January 1, 2015 till date. He uses this data to identify and categorise different kinds of batters and their control over the ball while playing shots.
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Harvest of Hardship: Understanding Pakistan and its Wheat Crisis

Written by Muhammed Zulqarnain 6:31 pm

Agriculture is crucial for Pakistan’s economy, and the wheat crisis has only highlighted the significance of the agricultural sector for food security and livelihoods. Muhammed Zulqarnain explains that the crisis was exacerbated by the government’s import of wheat, which led to a surplus stock and delayed procurement from domestic farmers. The farmer community has been up in arms, demanding that the government address their concerns and meet the wheat procurement quota at a supporting price.
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Explaining Nationalism in the Subcontinent Through Ibn Khaldun’s Asabiyyah

Written by Syeda Seerat 6:31 pm

In the 14th century, Ibn Khaldun introduced the concept of “asabiyyah,” an idea that serves as one of the earliest definitions of nationalism. Syeda Seerat employs this concept to explain the nationalism of Muslims and Hindus in the subcontinent. Though different in nature, the two nationalisms made use of religion as a cohesive force to unify their respective communities.
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Pak-Iran Border Escalation: Causes and Consequences

Written by Syed Fraz Hussain Naqvi 6:29 pm

The Iranian attack on Pakistan took place during a period of positive relations between the two countries. It came as a surprise, given the ongoing high-profile engagements between Pakistan and Iran. Mr. Syed Fraz Hussain Naqvi surmises that possible reasons for the Iranian attack include retaliation against terrorist outfits, reaffirming deterrence at a regional level, and concerns about Pakistan joining a US-led naval coalition. The escalation has since dialed down, and both countries have agreed to send their ambassadors to each other’s countries.
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The Hall of Fame: Cricket’s Finest Players

Written by Zain Ul Hassan 9:32 pm

Zain-ul-Hassan reviews the track records of some of the greatest cricketers of the ’70s and ’80s: Imran Khan, Ian Botham, Richard Hadlee, and Kapil Dev. To figure out the best player among the four, he analyses data and numbers through python coding.
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The Case of Oilfields in Pakistan: From Resource Abundance to Scarcity 

Written by Ayesha Khan 6:42 pm

Pakistan’s oil story began in 1960 with its first refinery. Initial discoveries were modest, but exploration efforts in the 1970s and ’80s led to significant oilfields in Sindh. The 21st century saw discoveries continue, with a shift in focus from Sindh to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. However, recent discoveries are small, and Pakistan relies heavily on imported oil to meet its needs. Ayesha Khan notes that declining reserves, corruption, and technological limitations hinder domestic production.
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Prospects of Revival of SAARC: Role of Pakistan

Written by Syed Imran Sardar 7:58 pm

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) has faced challenges in recent years due to the India-Pakistan conflict, terrorism, and internal discord. Despite being dysfunctional, none of the member states have expressed any desire to disband the organization. The existing polarization in the region has emphasized the division within SAARC, which was already paralyzed due to major incidents such as the Uri Attack and the revocation of Article 370.
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Navigating Regional Dynamics: Pakistan and its Role under the SCO Umbrella

Written by Manahil Waqas 6:31 pm

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was founded in 2001 to address security concerns and resolve border disputes between Central Asian Republic states (CARs), China and Russia. Pakistan became a full member in 2017, which allowed it to develop friendly relations with CARs and dissipate hostilities with its immediate neighbors and Russia. Manahil Waqas observes that Pakistan’s geographical location is ideal for constructing an energy corridor connecting South Asia with Central Asia, that can help resolve its energy crisis and position itself as a key player in the region’s development. India has repeatedly raised objections, creating obstructions and sabotaging the entire region’s economic development.
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Pakistan at the Crossroads: BRICS Membership and Geoeconomic Realities

Written by Danial Nisar 6:35 pm

The recent BRICS summit in South Africa has highlighted the prospect of introducing an alternative unified currency for intra-member trade, potentially challenging the dominance of the US-led financial system. Danial Nisar discusses Pakistan’s dilemma and opportunities regarding its potential membership in BRICS. While joining BRICS would offer Pakistan access to new trade avenues and economic stability, policymakers must weigh the potential diplomatic implications of the decision.
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The Osama Bin Laden Operation: CIA and its Fake Vaccination Drive in Pakistan

Written by Areen Khan 6:28 pm

In 2011, the CIA used a fake vaccination program in Pakistan to try and collect DNA samples from children in the compound where Osama Bin Laden was believed to be hiding. This operation had negative consequences on the vaccination programs in sensitive areas, as it heightened distrust and resistance among the population. Islamist groups in Pakistan were already spreading propaganda against vaccines, and this operation only added fuel to the fire.
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Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2023: A Clarion Call

Written by Pareesa Memon 6:29 pm

Pareesa Memon reviews the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2023 and highlights the alarming condition of Pakistan’s education system. The report shows that 26 million children in the age range of 5 to 16 are out of the education system, and the quality of education given to students is also worrisome. The report also reveals the alarming inter-provincial disparities, learning gaps between private and public schools, and a wide gender gap in enrollment. It sheds light on the impact of climate change on the education system and the challenges faced by girls in accessing education.
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Provincial Power Up: Analyzing the Devolution of Power in Pakistan

Written by Fatimah Naeem and Haffiza Syeda Akzia Batool 11:27 pm

In Pakistan, the shifting patterns of political and military rules have had profound effects on the development of grassroots democracy, including on the form and design of local government institutions. Accordingly, the nation has been subject to both ‘dictatorial democracy’ and ‘democratic dictatorship’ in terms of its municipal governments. Fatimah Naeem and Haffiza Syeda Azkia Batool chart the evolution of decentralization, from the Devolution of Power Plan 2001 (DOPP) to the 18th Amendment.
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Pakistan and Its Obsession with the CSS Exam

Written by Maidah Tariq 8:59 pm

Pakistan’s Central Superior Services (CSS) exams are highly competitive and aim to recruit talented individuals for various government departments. Maidah Tariq notes that the exams have evolved since Pakistan’s independence, encompassing a wide range of subjects to reflect the country’s administrative and socio-political needs. Nowadays, everyone wants to apply for CSS exam. Why is it so?
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Understanding Your WAPDA Electricity Bill

Written by Maidah Tariq 8:36 pm

Understanding consumer electricity bills is a fundamental necessity for most Pakistanis. Maidah Tariq delves into effectively reading and managing your WAPDA electricity bill amidst the rampant corruption in the institution. She also provides recommendations to help consumers lower their electricity bills.
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Terror Attacks in Pakistan: Role of Afghanistan in Promoting Instability  

Written by Muhammad Hamza Tanvir 11:01 pm

Since the American withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2021, Pakistan has consistently voiced its concern regarding the neighboring country’s harboring of terrorists. The recent surge in terror attacks in Pakistan, Iran, and Russia has reignited this concern, prompting questions about American interests in fostering instability in the region.
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