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Published Content

Paradigm Shift’s published articles, research papers, opinion pieces and book reviews can be found here. You can scroll down and navigate the various pages. Topics of focus broadly include global politics, current affairs, international relations, and Pakistan.

Nuclear Proliferation: Are More Nuclear Weapons Better?

Written by Areeba Jamal 8:03 pm

Kenneth Waltz, a strong proponent of nuclear proliferation, believes that more nuclear weapons are better. Areeba Jamal explains Waltz’s positive attitude towards the spread of nuclear weapons and debunks many of the negative assumptions associated with the endeavor.
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All Eyes on Rafah: Activism or Just an AI Image Going Viral?

Written by Wardah Shahid 6:29 pm

The viral social media template “All Eyes on Rafah” has sparked both praise and criticism in the ongoing Israel-Palestine conflict. Wardah Shahid argues that while it has heightened international attention and solidarity with Palestinians, some would say it has sanitized the reality of Palestinian repression and lived experience, perpetuating “slacktivism” or performative activism. Despite this, the AI-generated image has been shared by over 47 million people on Instagram, making it a defining moment in the social media campaign against Israeli aggression.
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The Rohingya Crisis of Myanmar: A Protracted Social Conflict

Written by Fatimah Naeem 6:39 pm

Fatimah Naeem delves into the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar through the lens of Edward Azar’s Protracted Social Conflict Model. It dissects the historical, political, and socio-economic factors contributing to the conflict, highlighting the marginalization and persecution faced by the Rohingya minority. By applying Azar’s framework, it explores how grievances, identity issues, power imbalances, and external influences have fueled this protracted conflict. The article also discusses potential avenues for conflict resolution, emphasizing the importance of addressing root causes and promoting inclusive dialogue for sustainable peace and justice in the region.
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Paradigm Shift’s Magazine: March-April 2024 Edition

Written by Paradigm Shift 9:09 pm

The March-April 2024 edition of the Paradigm Shift magazine is now available for download. The magazine features a diverse list of articles, op-eds, and book reviews centered around the latest news and developments in Pakistan and abroad. From regional updates on the Israel-Iran strikes to the impact of India’s Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), and from Pakistan’s foreign policy towards Palestine over the years to Myanmar’s history with coups, we have all the topics that you need to keep an eye on.
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The China-Arab States Cooperation Forum: A Symbol of Multilateral Relations

Written by Muhammad Mudassir 6:30 pm

The 10th edition of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum (CASCF) took place on 30th May in Beijing, China. The increasing influence of China in the Gulf region poses a significant challenge to the United States’ strategic interests and bilateral relations.
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IMF’s Influence on Pakistan’s Policies

Written by Paradigm Shift 2:10 pm

This video explores the deeply entrenched economic woes of Pakistan and the country’s complex relationship with the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Watch our video to understand the recent $3 billion bailout package, its impact, and the need for long-term solutions.
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The Troubling NAB and Election Ordinances of 2024

Written by Inshaal Sarfraz 6:30 pm

Last week saw the promulgation of two bills by acting president Yusuf Raza Gilani: the Elections Act (Amendment) Ordinance 2024 and the NAB (Amendment) Ordinance 2024. The former has mandated the presence of retired judges in election tribunals, while the latter has extended the remand period of the accused from 14 to 40 days.
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Coup in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): A Recurring Event

Written by Hareem Amna 6:30 pm

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a country devastated by decades of war, insurgencies, and exploitation. Since gaining its independence from Belgium in 1960, the resource-rich state has seen its fair share of coups, making the recent coup attempt on President Tshisekedi just another destabilizing event in an already unstable country.
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Origin of Urdu Language and its Development

Written by Fazal Tanha Gharshin 6:30 pm

Fazal Tanha Gharshin explores the development of Urdu from various perspectives across history. There is much diversity in the family of the Urdu language. There have been several different names for the language in the past. He presents four outstanding theories about the origin of Urdu in Sindh, Punjab, Delhi, and Balochistan and even goes into a historical overview of how Urdu played a role in uniting the nation during the partition.
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GHG Emissions Worldwide 2022

Written by Emaan Tanveer and Hafsa Ammar 7:58 pm

Since the Industrial Revolution, human activities, especially in major industrial states such as China, Russia, Brazil, the USA, India, and Europe, have massively contributed to GHG emissions, setting the world on a path to climate crisis.
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The Country is a Burning Ball

Written by Abdullah Gauhar Malik 5:58 pm

Abdullah Gauhar Malik is concerned about the impact of global warming and climate change on Pakistan and the broader subcontinent. He highlights the failure of experts and policymakers to effectively address these issues, attributing this to the continued dominance of fossil capital and the lack of accountability in the country’s political economy.
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Oxford Pakistan Announces Scholarships for Balochistan

Written by Maria Sadaqat 8:52 pm

The Oxford Pakistan Programme (“OPP”) hosted its annual May Dinner and Fundraiser at Lady Margaret Hall, the University of Oxford, with some 150 distinguished guests including the Chief Minister of Balochistan Sarfaraz Bugti. There, an announcement was made of a new graduate scholarship aimed at empowering deserving students from Balochistan to pursue STEM subjects at Oxford.
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The New BRICS Currency: Replacing the US Dollar?

Written by Hareem Amna 6:31 pm

BRICS, formed in 2006, is now discussing a new digital currency, “BRICS Pay,” potentially gold-backed, to reduce reliance on the US dollar. While this currency could enhance financial inclusivity and economic integration among the member states of the organization, internal disagreements and the global trust in the stable US dollar present significant challenges to its implementation.
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A Guide to the Federal Ministries of Pakistan

Written by Fatima tuz Zahra 6:33 pm

The federal ministries of Pakistan belong to the main executive branch of the federal government that oversees the areas of national affairs, public policy and governance. The Cabinet includes 33 ministries and their respective divisions that administrate vital areas including military, foreign affairs, education and religious affairs.
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Israel and Its Alleged Attacks on Iran: From Drone Strikes to Cyberattacks

Written by Maidah Tariq 8:46 pm

Amid the escalating tensions between Israel and Iran, Maidah Tariq delves into the various attacks Israel has conducted on Iranian soil in the past decade, aimed at undermining Iran’s nuclear program. Iran has repeatedly reported incidences of cyber-intrusions, drone strikes, theft of classified information, and assassinations and attributed them to Israel.
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The National Logistics Corporation (NLC): Local Roots, Global Outreach

Written by Muhammad Mudassir 6:47 pm

The National Logistics Corporation (NLC), formerly the National Logistics Cell, was founded in 1978 by General Zia-ul-Haq. It is a state-owned logistical company based in Rawalpindi, operating a great network of dry ports and warehousing facilities in Pakistan’s gateway towns and main commercial centers.
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Sudan Foreign Involvement: Proxy Wars and Economic Interests

Written by Zain Aslam 6:27 pm

Zain Aslam focuses on a complex political and economic situation in Sudan while focusing on the power struggle between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). He highlights how the RSF, led by Hemedti, gained immense wealth and influence through control of the gold industry and other businesses. The economic impact of South Sudan’s independence and the subsequent protests against President Omar al-Bashir also play a major role in the intricate political dynamics of the region.
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