Hafsa Ammar

Hafsa Ammar is a student of the Department of Peace and Conflict Studies at National Defence University, Islamabad. Her areas of expertise are hybrid warfare, narrative building, and nuclear deterrence in South Asia. Her work has been published in various national and international media forums.

How Russia’s Oil Exports Saved Its Economy

Written by Hafsa Ammar 12:52 pm

The West believed that the sanctions on Russia would completely leave the latter immobilized. Hafsa Ammar notes that while that was very likely, Russia’s influence and resources insulated itself from economic shocks. One significant Russian resource would be crude oil, as it has now become the primary oil supplier to both China and India—a position that once belonged to Saudi Arabia.
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Turkey’s Opposition to the Nordic NATO Membership

Written by Hafsa Ammar 6:00 pm

Russia’s not the only one bothered by the NATO expansion — in fact, Turkey is only willing to admit Finland and Sweden into NATO if they meet a few crucial conditions. Turkey will only vote for their acceptance if they follow through on the agreements that were made on counterterrorism and arms exports at the NATO summit in Madrid.
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The Melilla Massacre

Written by Hafsa Ammar 12:19 pm

On 24th June, 2000 African migrants attempted to illegally cross over into Spain but many were bludgeoned to death by Spanish and Moroccan forces. While mainstream media reported 20-37 deaths, pictures, comments, and videos leaked on social media are indicating 100-200 deaths. Hafsa Ammar considers it absurd for Spain to provide protection and residence to Ukrainian refugees while treating African refugees atrociously.
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Communism: The Constructed ‘Red Scare’

Written by Hafsa Ammar 12:10 pm

Communism is a political ideology that started gaining momentum in the 1920s. It was a champion for the East and had started to encroach on the West as it started to become popular amongst the lower class. To deal with such a broad and intangible threat, the Western powers (mainly America) built a negative and dangerous aura around it and used it to garner public support for themselves. This narrative building was done through securitization of the term and can be visualized in the public speeches of American Presidents of the Cold War era.
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The Civil War in Mozambique Through Vayrynen’s Conflict Transformation Model

Written by Hafsa Ammar 12:17 pm

The author, Hafsa Ammar, employs Johan Galtung’s ABC triangle and Raimo Vayrynen’s conflict transformation model to understand the transition of Mozambique following its civil war. The civil war on Mozambique presents a unique case study as it was a low-intensity, drawn-out war which lead to the maximization of damage over 16 years of sustained violence.
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Domestic Violence Against Women in Russia

Written by Hafsa Ammar 11:55 am

In 2017, Russia introduced an amendment to the Russian Criminal Code, decriminalizing domestic violence. Russian law, along with the Russian orthodox tradition of considering domestic abuse an “internal family matter,” has led many women to lose faith in justice and abandon all hope. The author, Hafsa Ammar, argues that during the pandemic, while the rest of the world passed laws to ensure the safety of women trapped in abusive environments, Russia had done the opposite. The situation in Russia has prevented women from even reporting cases of domestic abuse, leading the government to make claims of a decrease in violent cases.
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