Research Papers

Students and graduates from around the world have written stimulating research papers on Pakistan, international relations, and global current affairs. Read them on Paradigm Shift!

Is Military Force Effective in Responding to a Terrorist Insurgency?

Written by Sarmad Ishfaq 7:02 pm

Military force becomes mandatory when a deadly insurgent group, the likes of an ISIS or the LTTE, is present in a country. However,...

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The Link Between Culture and Sustainable Development

Written by Amna Babar 6:47 pm

Culture is not considered an antecedent to sustainable development – even though it largely impacts practices surrounding education,...

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Pakistan’s Textile Industry in the Shadow of Coronavirus

Written by Afifa Iqbal 7:00 pm

This paper analyses the impact of the coronavirus on trade, GDP growth, and the textile industry of Pakistan. It concludes that the textile...

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Pakistan and India Will Go to War Again

Written by Sarmad Ishfaq 6:47 pm

The paper describes the major reasons why Pakistan and India will go to war again. It asserts that while Pakistan has reduced extremism in...

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Troubled Waters: Revisionist China & The South China Sea Dispute

Written by Mehwish Kayani and Kinza Shah 6:23 pm

The South China Sea is important due to economic, military, and strategic factors. This region, critical for military purposes, is rich in...

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Virtual Water & UAE’s Foreign Policy with Iran: Neo-realist & Neo-liberal Perspectives

Written by Maryam Salman 6:47 pm

The virtual water trade, a concept introduced by Tony Allan, is the hidden flow of water if food or other commodities are traded from one...

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Coronavirus and Migration: Redefining Global Movement

Written by Amna Babar 6:30 pm

Coronavirus, like every other pandemic, has acutely impacted migration patterns. The adoption of containment measures and border closures...

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The Impact of Digital Information in Pakistan: The Case of Qandeel Baloch

Written by Shaheera Syed 7:00 pm

The paper employs the case of Qandeel Baloch and the technological ramifications that followed before and after her death. It also analyses...

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Hezbollah and Its Influence on the Media

Written by Noor Ul Huda 1:15 am

This paper demonstrates the versatility and vulnerability of the media concerning the power and position of overt militant organizations -...

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The Curious Case of Syria and State Terrorism

Written by Maryam Salman 1:14 am

Rarely acknowledged, there are many concrete examples of state terrorism in history. Syria and state terrorism are analyzed in this paper...

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Civil Society and Child Rights in Pakistan

Written by Amna Babar 1:13 am

Pakistan's civil society – made up of varying entities – plays an integral role in fighting for child rights in the country. The civil...

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America’s Humanitarian Intervention Failure Post-Cold War

Written by Saba Imran 1:05 am

To discover the reason behind the United States's failure in integrating the humanitarian intervention policy, the paper traces the...

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Pakistan-India Trade: Potential and Pitfalls

Written by Sarmad Ishfaq 6:44 pm

Despite the massive potential, trade between Pakistan and India has historically been plagued by many problems – which have increased...

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The U.S. vs China in Africa: A Quest for Economic Domination

Written by Waleed Yawer 1:27 am

The paper focuses on the current methods the U.S. and China are using to integrate themselves in the African economy – and deliberates...

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The UAE’s War Against the Islamic State (ISIS)

Written by Mehr Farhan 10:20 pm

Since ISIS's inception, it has devastated the geopolitical landscape of the Middle East and beyond. The UAE rose as an unlikely hero in the...

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The Ambiguous Definition of Terrorism

Written by Raja Mansoor 9:09 pm

To date, the concept of terrorism is without a universally accepted definition. This has severe practical repercussions in global politics....

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The Need for E-governance & Technology in Pakistan

Written by Faizaan Bilal and Sarmad Ishfaq 9:21 pm

The paper explains the need for e-governance & technology in Pakistan. Using the examples of NADRA's electronic voting machines and smart...

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