Research Papers

Israel and Trump: The Weakening Peace Prospects for Palestine

Written by Mahnoor Nafees 11:47 am

President Trump’s era proved to be markedly different from the traditional policies and narratives of past presidents. President Trump has pursued an increasingly biased foreign policy towards Israel – bestowing Israel with legitimation, and acceptance of its oppressive and violent policies in Palestine. By appointing like-minded officials on important positions, the president had made it clear that he would not be accommodating the Palestinians and their demands.
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Civil War in Myanmar and Human Rights Violations

Written by Nandini Sahani and Kajal Kumari 11:46 am

Myanmar has been subjected to a civil war since the time of its independence. In the last 7 decades, the state’s leadership has failed to ensure peace and stability; on the contrary, it has aided the instability and the failure of democracy. The military coup of 2021 and the human rights violations under the leadership of Aung San Suu Kyi have proved that militarization and human rights abuse are interlinked.
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Administrative Reforms in Pakistan: The Past, Present & Future

Written by Muhammad Adnan Khan, Sarah Ahmed Malik and Usama Shehzad 2:47 pm

The article explores the administrative reforms in Pakistan from the time of the pre-independence era, and, in light of the present difficulties faced by the executive branch, suggests several recommendations that could address the faults in the system. While continuing to maintain its main role as a provider of public goods, the state will be expected to provide regulatory standards and maintain quality assurance to ensure that non-state actors can also provide high-quality services to the citizens.
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The Strategic Importance of Central Asian States

Written by Fazal Rehman Kakar 10:47 am

At the center of the interests of major powers lies Central Asia, a region rich with untapped energy resources and economic markets. The author explains that while the region has immense potential for transnational and international cooperation, the security challenges and instability it faces, make it difficult for the Central Asian states to develop. Furthermore, the continuing instability has made foreign interventions almost necessary for these states.
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Hybrid Warfare and its Implications for Pakistan’s National Security Strategy

Written by Hassnain Moawia 10:47 am

Hybrid warfare is a unique blend of conventional and non-conventional methods of war. Pakistan has endured the constant threat of hybrid warfare since its inception – long before the term even came into existence. To maintain its defense, Pakistan has begun to familiarize itself with such propaganda.
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Eurasianism vs. Neo-Ottomanism in the Turkish Foreign Policy

Written by Necati Demircan 10:47 am

Turkey, formerly the Ottoman Empire, is said to have a foreign policy dictated by neo-Ottomanism, mainly by those who support the West. The author argues that neo-Ottomanism is incompatible with Turkey’s current foreign policies, and instead cites Eurasianism as the idea behind Turkey’s foreign policies.
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Disadvantages of Renewable Energy: The Untold Story

Written by G.N. Mahar 10:46 am

In the shift from non-renewable to green energy sources, human beings have ignored the disadvantages of renewable energy. The author explains that while the energy generated by solar panels, wind turbines, and biomass farms, is renewable, the raw materials used for the construction of equipment or structures to harness it, is not. The author further asserts that in our efforts to tackle climate change, we have been more focused on preserving our way of life than protecting the planet responsible for sustaining it.
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US Policy of Containment Against China

Written by Sidra Nasheen 10:47 am

Due to China’s increasing economic and military influence, the US feels threatened. The author notes that the United States has devised a containment policy against China to prevent it from dominating the US spheres of influence, and impeding the US interests. She further explains that the Abraham Accords, signed on 13th August 2020 between Israel, the UAE and the US, are a part of this containment policy.
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The Marginalization of the Sikh Community in Peshawar

Written by Ahmad Wadeer 1:47 pm

Over 60,000 Sikhs are living in Pakistan – most of them in KPK and surrounding areas. As a minority, the community faces a plethora of problems such as bullying, harassment, security threats, impediments in conducting business, obtaining an education, getting subsidized healthcare, and even registering themselves as citizens of Pakistan.
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China in the Indian Ocean: India’s Dilemma

Written by Samrah Aslam 10:47 am

The seas and oceans are the great highways and sea zones are considered to be the new war zones because of the increasing significance of Sea Lines of Communication (SLOCs). China’s increasing maritime interests in the Indian Ocean and the strategies opted by China to gain that command on the sea, especially in the Indian Ocean are creating a security paradox and competition in the Indian Ocean mainly because of the strategic connotation of important choke points.
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The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue: A New Security Landscape in the Asia-Pacific

Written by Aneesa Aslam 1:47 pm

The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue is an informal security alliance aimed at creating a rule-based order in the Asia Pacific region. The Japanese Prime Minister at the Confluence of the Two Seas gave the idea of Security Diamond that would ensure the interests of like-minded countries. The Quad states – Australia, India, Japan, and the United States – have a common threat perception in the region that led to the revival of Quad after ten years of long hiatus.
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The Dynamics of Civil Society in the Kyrgyz Republic

Written by Sadia Atta 1:47 pm

Civil society organizations (CSOs) are crucial for every state, and especially important where democracy is visibly lacking. The paper explores the growth and role of CSOs in the turbulent history of the Kyrgyz Republic. It explains how two important events — the Tulip Revolution and the Kyrgyz Revolution of 2010 — shaped the CSOs of Kyrgyzstan.
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The US Intervention in Syria: Complications or Resolutions?

Written by Kashaf Sohail 2:00 pm

A minor conflict that arose in 2011 turned Syria into a battleground of a full-fledged civil war within a few years involving the regional and major powers. This research paper will unfold in a sequence of explanations of the factors that contributed to the surge of a conflict and what interested the United States to intervene. Moreover, the diplomatic activities that took place and how Russia, Iran, and Turkey contributed are discussed.
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Saudi Arabia and Iran: A Severed Past & a Bitter Present

Written by Faizan Ali 1:47 pm

Saudi Arabia and Iran have had had a fractured relationship, and this animosity was triggered during the Iranian Revolution of 1979. Both nation-states represent the two major Islamic sects, that is, Shia and Sunni, thus fueling both states with animosity. The support for opposing groups, the inception of proxies, and the initiation of counter actions towards each other began as a result of the security dilemma between the two states.
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Nation Branding: India and its Public Diplomacy

Written by Hira Akram 1:47 pm

The aim of this research paper is to critically appraise the initiatives of public diplomacy undertaken by the Indian government to enhance its tarnished image in front of the international community.
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Corporal Punishment in Schools: A Tragic Norm in Pakistan

Written by Syeda Sakina Abid 1:47 pm

Corporal punishment in schools has become a culturally acceptable norm in Pakistan. Through the interviews she conducted with the teachers and students of different schools in Pakistan, the author notes that institutions are turning a blind eye to corporal punishment. This has left children alone to suffer the long-term psychological and physical impacts of the punishment, and forced them to drop out of school.
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The Two Finger Test and the Dangers Associated with It

Written by Sajal Rasool 1:47 pm

The Two Finger Test has long been used to test whether a woman raped has been engaged in habitual sexual intercourse. The author cites laws— both national and international —and credible authorities that denounce the practice of the two finger test because of its effect on the mental and physical well-being of a woman.
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