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CSS/PMS

CSS (Central Superior Services) and PMS (Provincial Management Services) are one of the most sought after fields/topics by the youth. Paradigm Shift regularly publishes articles on CSS and PMS to aid aspirants in their quest to join the bureaucracy of the country.

Foolproof Strategy for CSS 2025

Written by Torchbearer CSS Academy 8:37 pm

CSS aspirants remain misguided regarding their preparation and the causes of failure are many, ranging from lack of decision-making and procrastination to poor strategy and overconfidence. Torchbearer CSS Academy, however, has a strategy for those who want to pass the 2025 CSS exam on their very first attempt or for those who couldn’t crack the exam on their previous attempts.
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Ultimate 2024 CSS Exam Guide

Written by Mohsin Abbas 6:19 pm

Ahead of the CSS exam week starting from 29th February, find everything related to the CSS exams in this guide that Mr. Mohsin Abbas has created for you. The TeraBox link contains the best resources for your CSS preparation! It contains CSS compulsory and optional books, PMS books, CSS notes, research papers, hand-written notes, English learning books, history books, and much more.
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Applying the Pareto Principle to CSS Preparation

Written by Fiza Bibi Ameen 7:25 pm

The approaching CSS exams bring home stress for the applicants. Fiza Bibi Ameen presents how the curiosity approach, through the lens of the Pareto principle or the 80-20 principle, can help aspirants finalize their last-minute preparation and translate stress into focus and relevance. She also explores the relevant research on decreased numbers of exam participants compared to CSS applicants.
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Is Essay Analysis in CSS Exams Overly Strict?

Written by Fiza Bibi Ameen 6:28 pm

As the nation’s awareness grew, so did its reliance on social media platforms for information. Given the diversity of academic backgrounds, the aspirants, in their final month to finalize the preparation, occasionally find information from social media about the rigid lens of CSS essay evaluation as an impedance. In this article, Fiza Bibi Ameen explores whether this fixation is inherent to the CSS exam or is inbuilt into the essence of an essay while analyzing the essay competition held by HEC for the year 2022 and the critique presented by the essay judges. Furthermore, the author goes on to explain the expert-recommended method for categorizing an essay topic.
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CSS 2024: Final Month Essentials

Written by Torchbearer CSS Academy 6:32 pm

CSS 2024 is fast approaching, and the success of aspirants hinges on their strategies in these final days. The exam poses challenges not only during the preparation phase but also on the examination days. To excel in this endeavor, aspirants must remain focused on their path and avoid all distractions in the precious few days that remain.
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Choosing Physics as an Optional Subject in the CSS Exams

Written by Fiza Bibi Ameen 4:16 pm

The appeal of a career as a Civil Services of Pakistan (CSP) officer doesn’t always translate into optimistic outcomes, as many applicants don’t even appear for exams. The choice of subjects is nearly as crucial as the attempt itself. Physics, a subject with a conceptual flow but a probable exam pattern, has proven to be a high-scoring subject in various entrance and academic exams. Does this trend find resonance in CSS results as well? Fiza Bibi Ameen evaluates the merits and demerits of choosing physics and provides research-based tactics to streamline the process, making it less time-consuming.
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Guess Essay for CSS 2024 | Social Media: Reshaping Today’s Education System

Written by Torchbearer CSS Academy 8:21 pm

A possible essay question for the 2024 CSS exam could be about social media’s role in the education system. Torchbearer CSS Academy shares a sample answer to help you prep and understand the requirments of an essay question.
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Combined Competitive Examination 2023 Announced by the Sindh Government

Written by Torchbearer CSS Academy 9:15 pm

The Sindh Public Service Commission (SPSC) has finally unveiled the much-anticipated advertisement for the Combined Competitive Examination 2023, a provincial-level exam, opening doors for aspiring civil servants from across the Sindh province.
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CSS Current Affairs 2023 Guess Paper

Written by Torchbearer CSS Academy 8:02 pm

Success in the CSS exam relies heavily on understanding current affairs. However, the CSS current affairs syllabus can be a bit unclear, causing many candidates to feel unsure. While the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) did provide the syllabus, it has not been updated. Also, the specific domestic issues to focus on can be hard to identify. Torchbearer CSS Academy aims to clarify these points and provide a helpful list of guess topics tailored for the special CSS exam.
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PMS vs CSS Exams in Pakistan: A Comprehensive Comparison

Written by Rida Naeem 7:52 pm

The Central Superior Services (CSS) and Provincial Management Services (PMS) exams are two of the most sought-after competitive exams in Pakistan. Both CSS and PMS exams are known for their rigorous selection process, and those who pass them are considered among the most talented and capable individuals in the country. However, despite their similarities, there are several key differences between the exams that aspiring candidates should be aware of.
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CSS 2022 Result: What Went Wrong?

Written by Torchbearer CSS Academy 7:05 pm

The CSS 2022 result has been both a source of celebration and disappointment for its candidates. With a passing ratio of 1.85%, the competitive exam may seem to be impossible for many, however, all hope is not lost if the aspirants follow a few simple steps. By addressing the misconceptions about the preparation phase, reading material, and skill-building, this article serves as a guide for CSS aspirants to increase their chances of success in the exam.
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A Guide to Choosing CSS Optional Subjects

Written by Torchbearer CSS Academy 8:35 pm

Choosing the right subjects for CSS is crucial for obtaining high marks and pursuing a successful career as a civil servant. The exam consists of 12 subjects, including six compulsory subjects, and 600 marks are allocated to optional subjects. It is therefore essential for students to choose their subjects wisely to avoid unnecessary difficulties during their preparation. This guide shares tips on selecting subjects and, more importantly, the common mistakes that aspirants make while choosing their optional subjects.
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A Guide to Becoming a Civil Servant in Pakistan

Written by Torchbearer CSS Academy 7:56 pm

Becoming a civil servant in Pakistan requires passing through multiple phases, including meeting eligibility criteria, passing an MCQ-based preliminary test, a written examination, a psychological assessment test, and an interview. Those who successfully pass these stages must undergo six months of training at the Civil Services Academy (CSA), followed by specialized training programs at specific group academies. Passing the CSS exam is no easy feat. Only 2.11% of the students passed the written exams in 2021 (364 of 17,240), and a mere 1.94% passed in 2022 (393 of 20,262)!
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Mastering the CSS Exam: Effective Tips and Tricks

Written by Torchbearer CSS Academy 8:36 pm

Want to crack the code for passing the CSS exams in Pakistan? With this guide by Saddam Hussain Magsi, a qualified CSS mentor who has been continually facilitating CSS aspirants, you can prepare effectively and confidently for one of the most competitive exams in the country.
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Information about CSS in Pakistan: Examination, Grades, Groups & Pay Scales

Written by Zuha Tiwana 11:47 am

In Pakistan, the bureaucracy serves as the backbone in running the state machinery. Thus, government jobs are the priority of the youth because of the power, job security, and benefits that come with the role. The Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) recruits ideal candidates for these lucrative jobs majorly through the Central Superior Services exams (CSS). The author, Zuha Tiwana, provides a detailed view of the CSS process – discussing the exams, interviews, common training, and eventual allocations.
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