Over the years, the state of Afghanistan has experienced terrorism, drug trafficking, human rights abuse, political turmoil, geostrategic and geo-economic tussle, and societal deterioration. The instability in the state has impacted Pakistan, China, Iran, Turkey, and the Central Asian Republics as well. The authors, Muhammad Saad, Eman Anjum, Jizza Babar, and M. Shaheer Khattak, note that for their own interests, these regional states seek a peaceful Afghanistan, the establishment of which is not an easy task. For this reason, they have made efforts to stabilize and develop the war-torn state.
Muhammad Saad is pursuing his bachelor's in international relations from National Defence University (NDU). He has a profound interest in history, politics, international relations, and psychology. He is currently working as an intern at the Pak-Afghan Youth Forum, a think tank based in Islamabad.