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pakistan iran border

Written by Muhammad Shahbaz Rajper 8:14 pm Articles, Current Affairs, International Relations, Pakistan, Published Content

The Pakistan-Iran Border: A Conduit of Culture, Trade, and Geopolitical Dynamics

The Pakistan-Iran border of about 900 kilometers serves more than just an average natural barrier function; it’s an energetic artery for economical, traditional, and geo-political significance. In fact, the contemporary contacts with Iran date back to ancient migrations of Persian monarchies, Mughal emperors, and Safavid shahs who laid the historical borders that persist to this day.
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About the Author(s)
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Mr Muhammad Shahbaz Rajper is a freelance columnist from Sindh.

Economic Interactions and Trade Dynamics

Positioned between Iran and Pakistan, Balochistan has been a breeding place for different cultures. This boundary is historically very important since it is a channel through which Persian culture diffused towards modern day Pakistan and India. Recently, regional conflicts, shifting alliances, and international geopolitics have shaken the Pakistan-Iran border. Despite the problems, the border remains an important place of exchange between the two countries.

The current level of trade, which stands at an estimate $1.5 billion annually, demonstrates the economic relationship existing between the two countries. This figure is set to be increased up to $5 billion for 2023-2028.

Pak-Iran Border Crossings

The Pakistan-Iran border is equipped with five strategic crossings—Taftan-Mirjaveh, Gabd-Rimdan, Mand-Pishin, Chadgi-Kuhak, and Saravan—that promote the exchange of goods and the mobility of people. The Taftan-Mirjaveh crossing has acted as an open door towards trade and travel, and it has only recently received formalized recognition for commerce.

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Taftan-Mirjaveh gate
Taftan-Mirjaveh gate

Challenges and Contemporary Issues

Although there are good prospects of development in the region, there are problems that must be addressed, e.g., concerns about safety, involvement in drug trafficking, and need for better infrastructure. The recent missile offensive by Iran radically affected the diplomatic and economic relations between both Pakistan and Iran. This border dictates how Pakistan will maintain its alliance with both Saudi Arabia and Iran. Apart from those aspects, it is also essential to inquire how this border functions in terms of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).

The geography of the land separating Iran from Pakistan marks a string of ecological zones such as hilly terrains, coastal belts, etcetera. To provide a broader insight into this border, it would be advisable to conduct prospective research in the manner both nations are addressing their environmental concerns that need to be taken care of and multilateral cooperation available for carrying out eco-agendas.

Prospects and Potential

The future potential of the Pakistan-Iran border lies in their bilateral relations. To improve the region’s regional peace and development, important actions must be made to enhance economic relations, upgrade infrastructures, and address security matters. This cross-border business venture has huge potential as demonstrated by the chances of increasing the annual trade volume to five billion dollars.

The Pakistan-Iran border stands as a testimony of everlasting ties between the two countries. This living bridge acts more than just as a link between different nations, but rather as a medium of shared past and future visions. This region of interconnection between South Asia and the Middle East is destined for further economic and cultural links to produce a substantive impact upon the frame of the region.


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The views and opinions expressed in this article/paper are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial position of Paradigm Shift.

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