Since its establishment in 1969, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) has tried to portray itself as a strong international actor promoting peace, cooperation, solidarity, and harmony between Muslim states. In March 2022, the OIC member states gathered in Pakistan for the 48th Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers and adopted the Islamabad Declaration. The author, Summaiyya Qureshi, argues that despite the numerous resolutions passed by the OIC over the years, the organization has been largely ineffective. She traces the causes of the OIC’s failure and describes, some of the resolutions incorporated in the Islamabad Declaration.
The United States of America purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867 and made it one of its fifty states in 1959. It is a very important maritime strategic asset of the US. The author, Summaiyya Qureshi, looks at how this tender took place.
Almost everybody nowadays is familiar with World War I and World War II, but many people are not aware that there was a World War Zero, or the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05. Fought between Russia and Japan, this war is considered one of the most devastating ever.