A minor conflict that arose in 2011 turned Syria into a battleground of a full-fledged civil war within a few years involving the regional and major powers. This research paper will unfold in a sequence of explanations of the factors that contributed to the surge of a conflict and what interested the United States to intervene. Moreover, the diplomatic activities that took place and how Russia, Iran, and Turkey contributed are discussed.
The conflict transformation model may prove to be efficacious in resolving the Kashmir conflict that has been fraught with hostilities and violence for decades.
The South Caucasus pulsates with the sounds of an incipient war between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The Nagorno-Karabakh region remains the main area of contention between the two states since 1918. A more worrisome matter is that their respective allies could further ignite the aggression.