Although Pak-Russia relations have been marked by distrust and suspicion in the past, ties between the two states seem to be positively changing due to diplomatic visits and joint exercises. The recent visit of the Russian Foreign Minister to Pakistan and the mutual stance on the Afghan peace process have emboldened ties between the two nations. These bilateral relations have enormous potential in the areas of defence, mining, energy, tourism, among others.
At the center of the interests of major powers lies Central Asia, a region rich with untapped energy resources and economic markets. The author explains that while the region has immense potential for transnational and international cooperation, the security challenges and instability it faces, make it difficult for the Central Asian states to develop. Furthermore, the continuing instability has made foreign interventions almost necessary for these states.
Turkey, formerly the Ottoman Empire, is said to have a foreign policy dictated by neo-Ottomanism, mainly by those who support the West. The author argues that neo-Ottomanism is incompatible with Turkey’s current foreign policies, and instead cites Eurasianism as the idea behind Turkey’s foreign policies.
A minor conflict that arose in 2011 turned Syria into a battleground of a full-fledged civil war within a few years involving the regional and major powers. This research paper will unfold in a sequence of explanations of the factors that contributed to the surge of a conflict and what interested the United States to intervene. Moreover, the diplomatic activities that took place and how Russia, Iran, and Turkey contributed are discussed.
The Eurasian Economic Union is an organization that is composed of some of the former members of the Soviet Union. Its influence in Central Asia is believed to have been Russia’s calculated scheme to regain its control and influence in the region. However, both China and the United States are seeking to build their footprints in Central Asia.
The paper explores the Chinese and Russian relations in the context of Central Asia as well as the possibility of future cooperation.
Russia ventures into Africa again, this time to build a naval base in Sudan. This base will enable Russia to expand its trade, military powers, and influence.
With astringent estrangement reigning over Pak-Saudi relations, Pakistan must now search for its own kindred bloc, and it is probable that it looks to China, Iran, Russia, and Turkey for the creation of such.
The peace deal has yielded up the control of Nagorno-Karabakh to Azerbaijan. This settlement could prove to be markedly advantageous to the South Caucasus; however, it could also intensify the deep-seated animosity between the two states.
Sino-Russian relations have witnessed strengthened ties, both using the Shanghai Cooperation Organization as a tool to achieve their ambitions.
The highly divisive civil war in Libya, wherein the standoff is between some of the central UN member states and the UN itself, could either decimate Libya or pave a democratic path for the people of Libya.