AI Usage

Written by Zainish Abbas 6:00 pm

AI Usage and Its Scope in Pakistan

In a world moving towards artificial intelligence (AI), Pakistan is lagging behind. Several businesses, companies, and brands – including Nike – all across the world have incorporated AI in their operations. Though Pakistan is making progress in the realm of AI, the author, Zainish Abbas, suggests that the state needs to introduce AI systems in its medicine and journalism fields as well.
Gul Seema
About the Author(s)
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Zainish Abbas is an undergraduate student at COMSATS University, Islamabad. She is passionate about researching current affairs and data ethics around the globe.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the capability of a computer or a robot controlled by a computer to do tasks that normally require human intelligence and judgment. Siri and Google Translate are examples of AI usage. They employ AI systems based on the learning process of human neural networks.

The impact of artificial intelligence on society is a hot topic of discussion. Many say that AI improves the quality of daily life by doing basic and even complex activities more efficiently than humans, making life easier, safer, and more efficient. Others claim that AI threatens people’s privacy, worsens racism by categorizing people, and costs employees their jobs, resulting in higher unemployment.

AI Usage Around the World

Amazon has opened an AI-powered convenience store in Seattle, with the goal of avoiding checkout, which is everyone’s least favorite shopping experience. Amazon can now easily trace every customer’s interaction with a product thanks to ceiling-mounted cameras and sensors powered by AI.

AI usage is at the heart of a number of notable success stories. According to the Harvard Business Review, by training AI software to automatically generate brief news items, the Associated Press was able to produce 12 times more reports. As a result of this work, the company’s journalists were able to publish more in-depth articles.

Deep Patient, an AI-powered tool developed by Mount Sinai’s Icahn School of Medicine, enables doctors to detect high-risk patients before they are diagnosed with diseases. According to insideBIGDATA, the technology uses a patient’s medical history to forecast nearly 80 diseases up to a year before they manifest.

Whereas, PathAI’s machine learning algorithms assist pathologists in analysing tissue samples and making accurate diagnoses. It not only intends to improve diagnostic accuracy but also to improve therapy. PathAI’s algorithm can also locate suitable clinical trial participants.

Nike, one of the world’s largest brands, has launched an artificial intelligence (AI) system that allows customers to customize their own sneakers in the brand’s online store. It’s not only a sales secret, but it also captures valuable data about customers that machine learning algorithms may use to design future sneakers and make personalized suggestions.

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Twitter, a popular social media network, employs artificial intelligence to detect terrorist and hate speech in tweets. According to statistics, the company discovered and blocked over 300,000 terrorist-linked accounts in the first six months of 2017, 95 percent of which were generated by AI algorithms rather than humans.

Virtual assistants, such as Ideal, employ AI to assist with the recruiting process. It is a new type of HR technology that aims to remove or reduce time-consuming chores such as evaluating resumes, identifying and shortlisting candidates, and other repetitive tasks. Data and predictive analytics are used in HR preselection software. As a result, it aids in the optimization of time and the reduction of prejudices in the HR department through superior hiring skills. AI aids decision-making by transforming data from a variety of sources into more useful and sharper insights.

How Is AI Revolutionizing the World? 

AI has transformed our lives, strengthened our workforces, and had a significant impact on how we make rational and business decisions. Artificial intelligence (AI) has shaken the industry. Hollywood used artificial intelligence (AI) to create realistic effects in films.

Japan, the world’s third-largest economy, has been using robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) to solve social problems and contribute to economic development. In Japan’s factories, humanoid robots have also been working alongside employees. With global trade recommendations, artificial intelligence also has an impact on the essence and standard of rapid economic growth. AI has also provided farmers with logical solutions to protect their crops from weeds.

AI in Pakistan

Pakistan’s progress has been a little slower while attaining new achievements in particular areas like artificial intelligence and machine learning but there are some notable accomplishments. Pakistan has created artificial intelligence (AI) technology to calculate COVID danger. NUST (National University of Sciences & Technology) is now ranked as Pakistan’s finest university for providing high-quality AI education on a competitive basis.

In recent years, the Koshish Foundation Research Lab has been shown to be a rising star. It investigates all aspects of AI research and puts them to use. One of its key goals is to use AI and machine learning to raise the bar and alter the agricultural sector of Pakistan. Another initiative it’s working on is improving weather monitoring sites across the country. Its significance is clear in light of recent horrific weather occurrences and natural disasters in Pakistan.

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PIAIC

At the National Stadium, Karachi, around 25,000 students from all over Sindh took part in the 2022 main admission test of the Presidential Initiative for Artificial Intelligence and Computing (PIAIC). The initiative aims to empower Pakistani youngsters by giving them training and financial assistance to help them become entrepreneurs.

Scope of BSAI

A student with a bachelor’s in artificial intelligence (BSAI) can work in a variety of occupations, businesses, and professions that rely significantly on computers. Machine learning engineers, data scientists, business intelligence developers, big data engineers, and a variety of other intriguing opportunities are available to students.

Medicine & AI

Artificial intelligence (AI) has grown in popularity over the last few decades, and its usage in medicine is on the rise around the world. Developing countries, such as Pakistan, are trailing behind in adopting AI-based healthcare solutions. AI should be integrated into the healthcare system since it can help with not only diagnosis and monitoring but also resource allocation. According to research, the majority of doctors and medical students in Pakistan are unaware of AI and its uses, but they have a favorable opinion of AI in medicine and are prepared to adopt it.

Journalism and AI

News organizations in several Western and economically developed countries have already begun to use AI in journalistic practice, demonstrating some acceptance of technology as a communicator. However, a study reveals a number of impediments to the usage of AI-enabled gadgets and automation in Pakistani newsrooms. The absence of financial resources and correct data is at the top of the list.

Automated journalism can’t be utilized in areas where there isn’t any data, and it’s difficult to apply in places where data quality is low, such as Pakistan. Aside from low data accessibility and accuracy, there is a dearth of automated journalism training in Pakistan, as well as the government’s strategy to promote AI-enhanced journalism.

People in Pakistan are not aware of automated generated news items as news consumers, and they are not well-versed in the use of artificial intelligence devices such as conversational agents and social bots. As a result, news consumers—unaware of technology advancements—are undoubtedly an obstacle to Pakistan’s digital and AI-related media revolution.

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Pakistan’s media requires both AI-related research and policy formulation, as well as cross-government cooperation, intergovernmental awareness, and truthful, clear, and regular discussions with civil society and the private sector, particularly technology developers, in order to be technologically advanced. This may aid in the steady transformation of journalism, despite all obstacles. And, if the current roadblocks are overcome, AI journalism and media technology can help Pakistan strengthen its global collaboration for long-term prosperity.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is reshaping the field of journalism today. Without human direction and administration, automated news authoring and dissemination is already a reality, frequently unknown to the reader. Human and automated journalism is likely to become increasingly intertwined in the future.

The best advice for Pakistani journalists is to recognize technology’s beneficial influence and concentrate on how technology will modify their current responsibilities and essential skills. Rather than being alarmed by AI advancements, they should invest in more training for tasks that algorithms cannot handle, such as in-depth analysis, key person interviews, and investigative reporting.

Conclusion

To summarize, Pakistan has a long way to go in this subject before achieving greatness. Certain fields in particular, such as healthcare and agriculture, are in desperate need of technological breakthroughs. Pakistan must create a national AI policy as soon as possible in order to remain competitive in the global economy. Pakistan is already lagging behind the rest of the world in terms of AI usage and reaping the benefits of the fourth industrial revolution. Missing the AI wave would be a catastrophic setback for the national effort.

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The views and opinions expressed in this article/paper are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial position of Paradigm Shift.

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